These are the solid materials available in the shape of small pieces that exist in the gallbladder. Hard particles formed because of pigments or cholesterol is the real culprits behind gall bladder stones. Two types of stones i.e. pigment stones and cholesterol stones usually affect the patients.
Improper diets, genetics, body weight and decreased motility of the gallbladder may be behind gallbladder stones. Imbalance in the substances making up bile is also responsible for these stones.
Gallstones can be treated with surgery, i.e. open cholecystectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy that are performed by the competent surgeons. The choice depends upon the surgeon and the particular case. Taking sufficient water after frequent intervals is also good.