What Is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition that affects the female reproductive system. This is a painful condition that is experienced mostly in the lower abdominal region, and rarely in other regions such as thighs, arms, and lungs. It is a chronic condition, which means it is a lifelong condition that can only be reduced but never completely cured.
Today, endometriosis is a highly common problem with close to 6.5 million females suffering from it in the US itself. The problem is compounded by the fact that there is a general lack of awareness of the issue.
What Causes Endometriosis?
The inner lining of the uterine wall is known as endometrium. This wall is highly dynamic as it increases in thickness and then decreases during each menstrual cycle. During pregnancy, the wall remains thick to provide cushioning for the baby, and this is where the placental tube connects. The endometrium is richly supplied with blood.
However, in some women, the endometrium leaks out of the uterus. Its cells proliferate and grow, and might add pressure on the surrounding organs such as the intestines and the bladder. When this happens, it can cause immense pain to the woman in the lower abdominal region. This condition is known as endometriosis.
Though endometrium is present only in the uterus, similar tissues are also found in other parts of the body. This growth can take place in the ovaries and the fallopian tubes as well. It can also spread to the cervix, the vulva, and the vagina. In some instances, such growth can occur in the limbs and the lungs.
What Are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?
The following are some of the commonly observed symptoms of this condition:-
- Pain in the lower abdomen during and at the onset of each menstrual cycle (dysmenorrhea)
- Irregular menstruation
- Pain while having sexual intercourse
- Inability to produce viable eggs (infertility)
- Pain while passing urine, especially during the periods (dysuria)
- Constipation or diarrhea during periods
Apart from this, some additional symptoms might be observed in some women, such as yeast infections and allergies.
Endometriosis Symptoms Can Be Misleading
Most times women do not experience major symptoms. Even the pains might be mild to middling. At times, even these pains are easily confused with cramps and they might go away with the use of over-the-counter antibiotics. Hence, women might not take the issue so seriously.
Here, one indication is to assess if the pain lasts for a longer time. Cramps would not last for longer than two days. If your pains last for two days or more, and if you find that they recur with the onset of menstrual cycle, then it is probably a case of endometriosis.
It is due to this that it is very difficult to understand if a woman has the issue. Without symptoms, the situation cannot be diagnosed. But there are alarming statistics. It is estimated that 50% of the women develop endometriosis to some or the other extent. However, only 10% women have symptoms.
How Is Endometriosis Diagnosed?
Endometriosis is quite difficult to diagnose and confirm. Once you have the symptoms, you should visit a gynecologist who will check if you have any of the causes that might lead to the condition. Endometriosis cannot be confirmed without an internal examination. The common questions asked will pertain to periods and also about the sexual activity. An ultrasound scan will be conducted to look for the presence of any ovarian cysts.
Since the symptoms of endometriosis are quite vague, the condition cannot be positively identified unless it is confirmed through certain tests. To be absolutely certain, a laparoscopic examination is done. This is a surgical procedure that helps to estimate the exact nature, dimensions, and position of the overgrowths.
This laparoscopic examination is also the first step towards the treatment of the condition. Once the proper nature of the growth is known, a treatment mode is decided upon.
Who Is at the Highest Risk of Endometriosis?
The highest risk of endometriosis is among women who are in their fertile menopausal years. It might start after puberty itself, and can be detected if the symptoms are severe. The peak of this condition is found to be in women between 25 and 40 years.
Endometriosis is also found to prevail in families. It is genetically transmitted from an affected woman their daughters. Women who share blood relations are found to have endometriosis.
Once a woman crosses menopause, the risk of endometriosis decreases. At this stage, the body levels of estrogen decrease, which lead to an overall degeneration of the endometrium as well.
On the contrary, women who are on the pill, an oral contraceptive, show a lower risk of endometriosis. Apart from being a contraceptive, this pill also retards the developments that take place in the woman’s body to prepare for the arrival of a baby. As the endometrium is a part of this process, its growth is also checked, and that can take care of this condition.
What Are the Treatment Methods of Endometriosis?
Common painkillers can be used to get rid of the abdominal and other pains that arise during endometriosis. Hormonal supplements might also be prescribed to help give relief.
However, it should be known that there is no permanent cure for endometriosis. This might recur with the periods even if it has been taken care of once.
In some cases, surgeries can be performed. The surgery aims to remove the excess growth of the endometrium tissue. This needs to be done by a qualified doctor and after close assessment of the extent of the tissue growth via a suitable laparoscopic analysis.
There are several support groups available to help women cope with this situation. Some of these groups provide online advice and live chat facilities as well. It must be borne in mind that there is nothing to be ashamed of if you are diagnosed with endometriosis. This is a very common condition and speaking about it with someone you can trust — another woman who is older to you — can help you face the problem in the right way.
Health pack for endometrosis
- Paushyanug churan
- Karpardika bhasam
- Praval pishti
- Mukta pishti
- Zaharmohara pishti
- Sri rasyan vati
- Shilajit rasyan
How to use health pack for endo metros
Mix all the ingredients from 1 to 7 and grind it to make powder out of it. Now consume ¾ teaspoon of this mixture with water or gulab jal drops.