What Is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is the name of a group of metabolic disorders of the human body. It is characterized by the presence of a high level of sugar in the blood. (Mellitus is the Latin word for ‘honey’). All forms of diabetes mellitus are chronic and cannot be treated, but they can be controlled with proper care. They are not fatal conditions unless they are left unmanaged.
There are three kinds of diabetes mellitus which are called:-
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
In all three of them the blood sugar level rises. This is because of a malfunction of the hormone insulin which is responsible for the proper breakdown of sugar in the body.
Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the World
Diabetes mellitus is the most prevalent metabolic disorder in the world today. It is characterized as a lifestyle disease and it is found more commonly in the urban areas of the world where the standard of living is higher. For this reason, it is also called as a ‘rich man’s disease’ or ‘upper-class disease’, though this moniker is not really justified as diabetes mellitus can affect all strata of society.
In the US, more than 30 million people suffer from the different versions of diabetes mellitus at any given time, which amounts to roughly 10% of the population. This includes a large number of undiagnosed cases, which is estimated to be around 8 million. About 1.4 million new diabetes cases are added each year.
The prevalence is higher among seniors. About 26% of all diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes sufferers are aged 65 years or more.
Diabetes mellitus also accounts strongly as a leading cause of death. In the US, it is considered to be the 7th largest cause of fatalities.
What Causes Diabetes Mellitus?
All three forms of diabetes mellitus have a similar cause — a disturbance in the proper functioning of the hormone insulin.
Insulin is produced by specialized cells of the pancreas, known as the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans. The main function of insulin is the utilization of glucose. However, if there is any kind of discrepancy in the formation of insulin, then this glucose utilization does not occur. Due to this, the blood sugar level increases and leads to diabetes.
How Are the Types of Diabetes Differentiated?
The three types of diabetes mellitus are classified based on the cause of insulin malfunction or deficiency.
- Type 1 Diabetes — In this type, the body is incapable of producing enough insulin for the body’s needs.
- Type 2 Diabetes — In this type, the body has enough insulin but the body is resistant to it, due to which insulin cannot metabolize sugars.
- Gestational Diabetes — This is a special type of insulin deficiency that might occur in women during pregnancy due to hormonal imbalances.
Why Is Diabetes Mellitus so Dangerous?
All forms of diabetes, if left untreated, can lead to several kinds of complications, some of which might be fatal.
If left untreated, type 1 and 2 diabetes can cause cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, angina, and even heart attacks. They can lead to brain strokes as well.
Diabetic patients can also suffer from neuropathy, which is a kind of nerve damage. When this occurs, the patient loses the sense of feeling in particular areas of the body. This can also cause erectile dysfunction and impotency.
Another vital organ that is affected by prolonged diabetes is the kidney. This may increase to such a stage that it might necessitate dialysis or kidney transplant.
Other parts of the body that are affected by diabetes mellitus include the skin, eyes, and ears. Prolonged diabetes can cause accumulation of blood sugars in the foot, which is known as gangrene. This might necessitate amputation of the foot.
Gestational diabetes has its own long list of complications as well. It might be harmful to the baby as the high blood sugar passes on into the baby’s body via the placenta. It might also cause deformities in the baby and even cause death. After the pregnancy, the mother could suffer from low blood sugar.
How Do I Know I Have Diabetes?
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are characterized by the following symptoms:-
- Frequent thirst and urination
- Feeling hungry often, even shortly after having a meal
- Unexplained loss of weight
- Uncharacteristic tiredness and fatigue
- Feelings of irritability
- Lack of proper vision and blurring
- Wounds that take a long time to heal
- Infections of the body, especially skin infections.
You could confirm the presence of diabetes mellitus by using a urine testing kit that is available at most chemists’ shops.
What Are the Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus?
The chances of having diabetes mellitus increase drastically in the following cases:-
- If there is a family history of the disease
- If there is presence of antibodies in the cells that might impair the function of insulin
- If the diet is high in sugar-containing foods
- If there is excessive body weight or obesity
- If the person leads an inactive lifestyle
- If the person has high blood pressure (over 140/90)
- If the person has a high cholesterol level
- If the person is above 40 years (despite this point, it is necessary to mention that younger and younger people are being diagnosed with diabetes in recent times)
- If the person belongs to a particular race – Hispanics, African Americans, American Indians and Asians have a higher risk.
How Do I Prevent Diabetes?
If you already have a family history of diabetes, you might already be inclined to develop this disease or might already have it too. However, the following activities will help to prevent this condition and also to manage it if you already have it.
- Keep fit. Exercise daily. Walking for at least half an hour a day is a much.
- Keep a watch on your body mass index (BMI). Bring it down to healthy levels.
- Avoid hyperglycemic (high sugar containing) foods.
- Use hypoglycemic (low sugar containing) foods in your diet.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol.
- Regularly visit your medical professional and keep tabs on your blood sugar level.
Health pack for diabetes mellitus
- Madhu nashini vati– Divya madhunashini vati is an herbal preparation from the house of baba ramdev that is known for its miraculous effects on diabetes. It may prove very effecting in bringing down the elevated blood sugar levels. It is an herbal combination that is enriched with certain rare ayurvedic herbs that are known to have a wonderful effect in sugar or diabetes problem. These days diabetes is a major problem in the world and almost every corner of this world has been touched by this unwanted disease. Ayurvedic experts suggests that, divya madhu nashini vati has certain herbs that have the capability that may be extremely beneficial in getting rid of this problem. Madhu nashini vati has been specially designed to cater the need of diabetic patients and reduces the pains and symptoms of it.
- Panchkol churan – Divya panchkol churan is a combination of 5 important ayurvedic ingredients that are effective in increasing the metabolism in the body thus is effective in countering the problem of diabetes and its allied symptom. It is also beneficial in improving digestion.
- Trivang Bhasam – Divya trivang bhasam is a wonderful herbo Mineral classical ayurvedic herbal supplement that not only helps in treating high glucose patient but is also effective in catering the side effects of diabetes. It is also helpful in increasing the energy levels in the body. It not only supports the blood circulation but is also helpful in nerve conduction and improves nervine disorders.
- Chandraprabha Vati – Divya Chandra prabha vati is a classical ayurvedic preparation that is being manufactured by divya pharmacy. It is a wonderful herbal tonic that has a good amount of shilajit in it. Shilajit is extremely beneficial in diabetes patients. It not only helps in lowering the sugar levels in the body but is also helpful in providing the lost energy in the diabetic patients. Chandraprabha vati is a wonderful urinary tract problem. It is helpful in eliminating of excessive sugar so that body maintains the normal levels of sugar. More over it controls the frequency of urination that is a side effect of diabetes.
- Shilajit Rasyanam – Divya Shilajit Rasyan is another wonderful herbal product that may prove effective in countering diabetes and its symptoms. It is not only helpful in reducing the sugar levels in the body but also helps in improving the blood circulation in the body thus helpful to the diabetic patients whose blood circulation gets hindered due to excessive sugar deposition.
- Vasant Kusumakar ras – Divya Vasant Kususmakar ras is a classical herbal preparation that is effective in treating diabetes. This herbal formulation is a classical ayurvedic preparation that not only helps in reducing the sugar levels in the body but is also helpful in improving the blood circulation. It is also helpful in stimulating the pancreas that are involved in the production of insulin in the body, necessary for metabolism of glucose in the body.