Complete guide to Asthma
Proper movement of air to and from the lungs is necessary for them to work in even manners. Airways, i.e. the bronchial tubes are responsible for carrying the air. Asthma refers to the particular condition wherein the inflammation and swelling affects the inside walls of the airways. Allergic reactions and irritations also affect the airways. These parts of the respiratory system become narrowed that creates hurdles in flow of air to and from the lungs.
Signs – Hissing sounds when breathing are the usual symptoms of asthma. Difficult breathing and chest congestion are also quite common amongst the patients. Coughing is another sign of this disease. Patients suffering from Asthma get affected more during the nights or early morning. Airways get narrowed with more production of mucus. Oxygen is prevented from entering the bloodstream. Patients may need immediate help.
Causes – Hereditary reasons may be responsible for Asthma that may attack due to allergies too. Polluted environment is also another culprit behind this disease. Fumes, gases and dust etc may also result in Asthma that occurs because of inhaling harmful elements. Smoking is also behind Asthma. Smoke creates hurdles in the airways that often fall victim to asthma. Respiratory viruses may also be behind this disease.
Care – Asthma must be treated in time otherwise it may lead to complications. The disease may affect in the shape of depression and general weakness. Experienced immunologist may be consulted for treatment.
Treatment – Anti-inflammatory drugs may be recommended by the doctor. He or she may advise staying away from pollution and the substances that are responsible for allergies. Patients are advised to stay away from animals. Medicines may be taken with the help of nebulizer or inhaler. Inhaled corticosteroids are also good for the persons that are affected with asthma. Inflammation is reduced to great extent with the same.
Patients are advised to make use of spacers or holding chambers that are helpful in preventing mouth infection or thrush. Inhaled short-acting B2-agonists, i.e. the bronchodilators are also useful for making the air to flow to the lungs in easy manners. Bronchodilators help in relaxing the tight muscles and facilitate the air to pass in convenient manners. Quick-relief medicines and inhalers are also much helpful in this regard.
Immediate hospitalization may be necessitated in certain cases of asthma. Direct oxygen and strong medicines are administered to the patients. Different treatments including bronchodilators, systematic oral or intravenous steroids, short-acting B-2 agonists, inhalation anesthetics, nonspecific injected or inhaled B-2 agonists or intravenous magnesium sulfate etc may suggested for serious patients of Asthma. A combination of these treatments may also become necessary in certain cases of Asthma. Respiratory arrest may be managed well with mechanical ventilation or intubation.
Abstinence from smoking, alcohol is good. Rich diets and simple exercises are also much beneficial for the patients that may go for long walks and other exercises.