Tips and techniques to treat and prevent age spots
Old age may result in age spots that often puzzle the sufferers. Many of them usually make use of traditional medicines few of which sometimes result in side effects.
Following apt medications are suggested for the patients:
- Age spots may fade gradually with the prescription bleaching creams. Retinoids or the mild steroid may also work wonders. Broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF of at least thirty is suggested for the ones that make use of medication treatments. The side effects in the form of redness, itching, dryness or burning may affect the users.
- Laser and intense pulsed light therapies – The melanin-producing cells may be destroyed with these therapies that do not damage the surface of the skin. Patients may have to undergo several sessions. Slight discoloration of the skin may be experienced.
- Freezing, i.e. crypotherapy – Application of liquid nitrogen or some other freezing agent is necessitated in this process. Extra pigment is destroyed with it. The skin becomes lighter while the area starts healing. Freezing is generally done on a single age spot or few more. The skin may get irritated a little. Permanent scarring or discoloration is the side effect.
- Dermabrasion – A rapidly rotating brush is used for sanding down the surface layer of the skin that bears age spots. New layer of skin grows after the old one is removed. Scab formation and temporary redness are the possible side effects.
- Chemical peel – This procedure involves application of acid that burns the outer layer of the affected skin that bears the age spots. New skin takes place of the old peeled skin. Sun protection becomes necessary after this process. Slight risk of discoloration and temporary irritation are the possible side effects.
Home remedies – Following tips may work wonders:
- Lotions and fade creams are available to lighten the age spots. Their appearance may improve that depends upon the darkness of the spots. It is time consuming.
- Nonprescription, over-the-counter treatments including fade creams are available in the market. The ones with hydroquinone, kojic acid or hydroquinone are good. Skin irritation is the possible side effect.
- Going out in the sun between 10 am and 3 pm may be avoided. Sun rays during that period are most intense. Outdoor activities may be restricted beyond these particular periods.
- Use of sunscreen – Making use of sunscreen fifteen to thirty minutes prior to going outdoors is good. Applying broad-spectrum sunscreen facilitating protection from UVA and UVB light is good. Sunscreen with SPF of at least thirty is good. Reapply it every two hours if you swim or perspire.
- Cover up – Broad-brimmed hat may be used to protect your facial skin from hot sun rays. Tightly woven clothing covering your arms and legs are also good. Clothing providing sun protection is good. UPF of forty to fifty facilitates the best protection.
The above simple tips go a long way in saying NO to age spots without affecting the users in any adverse manners.